Flour milling, asphalt manufacture, and cement making have also been important. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Corpus Christi College, University of Cambridge, England. As well as establishing the Greenwich naval academy (the reason the 0 degree meridian passes through Greenwich, England) he also endowed Cambridge, most notably Trinity College, Isaac Newton's college and the college of many other famous mathematicians and scientists. Go punting on the river at Cambridge - it will be the most enjoyable part of your visit and the best way to see inside the colleges. King's College chapel (centre) viewed from the river. It takes a whole day to punt to Grantchester and back but there are some excellent locations for pick-nicking and there are some good pubs in Grantchester. The oldest building from that time is the Erasmus Building in St John's College but the oldest surviving college is Peterhouse. Expect to pay about GBP 30-50 for a trip. It is possible to walk there but you need to be fit. Have a drink in a pub. King’s College, founded in 1441 by Henry VI, is a constituent college of the University of Cambridge. Punting is very safe for passengers apart from when embarking and disembarking. If you are canoeing then try to put all valuables into a container that can be sealed against water and that floats. The quality of food supplied in Cambridge restaurants has improved greatly over the last 10 years so it should be possible to get something that satisfies. The Backs are the landscaped lawns and gardens through which the River Cam winds behind the main line of colleges, including Queens’, King’s, Clare, Trinity, St. John’s, and Magdalene, and under a series of magnificent bridges, of which the Bridge of Sighs (St. John’s, 1827–31), the stone bridge of Clare with thick stone balls on the parapets (1638–40), and the so-called “Mathematical Bridge” of Queens’ are among the best known. Cambridge is famous for its university, currently one of the best in the world, and its scientists. Corpus Christi College clock - corner of King's Parade and Benet Street. This is a list of University of Cambridge people, featuring members of the University of Cambridge segregated in accordance with their fields of achievement. To get there from the centre of town: walk eastwards along Jesus Lane to Midsummer common, then cross the common heading north-east towards the river, follow the river in an easterly direction, when the common ends follow the road aptly called Riverside until you come to another park called Stourbridge Common, follow the footpath and take the footbridge across the river to the Green Dragon pub, continue to follow the footpath eastwards along the river, pass under the railway bridge, continue along the almost straight section of river called Long Reach (this is part of the river used for bumping races) until you come to a sharp left bend in the river (opposite The Plough pub) - take-up a position anywhere between this bend and the next bend for a prime viewing place for the bumping races. This was about 18% of all the recorded Cambridge's in the USA. Chester is a charming city full of history. Cambridge is a pretty, old town and it is worth visiting because it's small and you can easily walk around it in a day. "... choir stalls, home of the famous King's College Choir where … Punting is great fun and is one of the things tourists must do when visiting Cambridge. The river is a place of continuous entertainment during the summer months because it is popular to go out in boats on the river and travel by them through the colleges. See the photo gallery. The distance was sufficiently great that the ruling monarch could not travel from London to either town in mediaeval times in one day. I never get bored of seeing King’s College Chapel and it’s rare that I use awe-inspiring in the literal sense, but this place is!Pop inside and see the largest fan-vault ceiling in the world, explore the Rood Screen that was a gift from Henry VIII to Anne Boleyn which is still considered some of the best Italian wooden carvings that still survive in the UK.When you’re here, be sure to look at the stone flowers that adorn the walls inside. Area 16 square miles (41 square km). Blackpool is one of the most […] Though Cambridge was an important trading centre from Roman times, the town rose to prominence in the middle ages when the famous university was founded. Better still, spend an hour on the river - easily the best way to see the beauty of Cambridge. Isaac Newton spent more time working on theology than he did on mathematics or physics. Most tourists then walk over Silver Street bridge and turn left onto King's Parade and walk north until they are outside King's College gatehouse. Garrett Hostel Lane bridge by Trinity Hall (the attractive new library is next to the bridge). this is what tourists get to see most of in Cambridge - wonderful old buildings, close packed and within easy walking distance. One punt can easily take 5 persons so the cost per person is about GBP 10. Minimum age for using the pole when punting is probably 14 years. Find-out the tradition surrounding the chair-leg. Cambridge is full of pubs just … The older colleges nearly all have fine old buildings and it is these buildings that you will see if you come to visit Cambridge. Watch you don't get injured by a cyclist if you step out into the street to take a photograph of this monster. The best time to visit Cambridge as a tourist is in the spring, summer or autumn because Cambridge has many beautiful gardens to admire. The river where the races start is narrow and has several bends. Indeed, only in 1998 did the University finally get around to awarding degrees to some women students who should have graduated before 1948. The 31 colleges which make up the iconic institution probably represent about half of all the buildings in the city center. Pop. Omissions? Some of the most famous landmarks and tourist attractions in England, including Big Ben, Blackpool Tower, Palace of Westminster and Windsor Castle. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. If you are going to use the pole when punting then it is strongly recommended that you remove all precious belongings from pockets before starting, in case you fall in and lose them in the water. Life-jackets are available where you rent the punts. Our latest episode for parents features the topic of empathy. Because Oxford and Cambridge used their political power to block the foundation of other universities. Other noteworthy churches in the city include St. Benet’s with its Saxon tower, the restored Norman Holy Sepulchre Church (one of only four round churches in England), and St. Edward’s Church. Further developments from Saxon to Victorian times have grown Chester into a major urban centre in northwest England, but it’s still the work of the Ancient Romans which most intrigues King’s College Chapel (1446–1515), the best-known building in Cambridge, was designed by Henry VI as part of an immense and never fully realized conception. The architect was Henry Hutchinson. Cambridge is located about 45 miles north (70 Km) of London. Home | About | Applications | Calendar | Contact | Employees | Employment | FAQ | Information Links | News | International | Neutrinos | Press | Products | Seeing sound | Services | Site Map | Tourist Information | White Papers. A web of cobbled streets winds through the rest, hosting a … The individual must have either studied at the university (although they may not necessarily have taken a degree), or worked at the university in an academic capacity; others have held fellowships at one of the university's colleges. When in the wooded area of the Backs look out for an old, worn stone used for mounting horses - it is close to Queen's Road on a footpath and close to Clare College. It was developed as a major Roman fortress, and the remains of their dynasty can still be seen today. The gardens are most beautiful during spring (when crocuses bloom in large numbers) and summer (best time for punting). Expect to walk for most or all of your visit. Best viewed on a hot summer day when the river is busy. Cambridge used to be over-provided with bookshops but recently numbers have fallen to a more manageable level. If you are young then try punting yourself. If you are tempted to go to a May-ball then only go to one in a college that sits along the Backs (the college backs onto the river Cam). In the 1980s the UK government introduced a system of rating the departments of universities on a scale 0 to 5, with 5 being the top grade. One of the few to show where great Cambridge thinkers worked. It includes industries that have depended to a considerable extent on university and college connections and orders, as diverse as building, printing, and instrument making, and includes others that have also had close links, such as electronics. Try to to take some food to eat on the river. A number of other universities were given research ratings of 5 for their departments and the government introduced a new 5* rating to try to differentiate between the top universities. Most tourists arrive on tourist buses or coaches on Silver Street outside Darwin College. Punts for viewing the colleges and their gardens can be rented from: beside Silver Street bridge (access from Mill Lane), The Mill Pond (access from the side of the Granta Pub on Newnham Road), Trinity College (access from Garret Hostel Lane, next to the footbridge) and Quayside next to Magdalene bridge. Punts can be rented by the hour from three locations on the river. Many of the colleges now charge tourists for admission and restrict the times of access for visitors. It would be difficult to go to the bumping races and visit Cambridge in one day - one would probably need two days. Things changed after 1536 when King Henry VIII suppressed the monasteries in England and Cambridge changed its interests to study science and learning outside of Theology and the Classics. We have reviews of the best places to see in Cambridge… Cambridge is also linked by train to other towns in East Anglia, such as King's Lynn, Norwich, Bury St Edmunds and Ipswich. It has always been a sign of status to found a new college in Cambridge and if you could get it named after you then you had made it to the top. Doubtless in two hundred years time the name will sound better. The upper-river is also very beautiful but it does not go near the colleges, instead it heads out into the country south of Cambridge and eventually reaches the lovely village of Grantchester. The University is organised into subject departments (like Physics, Chemistry, English, History, Modern Languages) and into colleges (where students live and get some teaching). Most of the events are open to the public and ticket prices are usually low (to watch the rowing races is free), the exceptions being the College balls (May balls) where prices are high and tickets are usually sold-out in April. Go punting in a boat on the river - it's great fun and you get the see the best of Cambridge from the river. Recent summers have been hot and often dry with good weather extending almost to the end of October. Cambridge might be best known for its university, home to some of the world’s greatest minds (Milton, Darwin, Hawking, etc.). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). If you visit Cambridge then try to go for a trip on the river on a small boat called a "punt". The bus station is close to the centre of town in Drummer Street and visitors can easily walk from Drummer street to the main tourist sites. Unfortunately, you cannot just turn-up to enter the museum, you must book a time to visit in advance. According to the 2010 Census, the city's population was 105,162. All Cambridge's departments scored 5 and Cambridge shot to the top of the academic league and started collecting large sums of money. It should not cost each person more than GBP 10 to go punting. Not our favourite. There is always something to see here and the views into the colleges are sublimely beautiful. It is named after the Bridge of Sighs in Venice, although they have little architecturally in common beyond the fact that they are both covered. Members of Cambridge University have been awarded 88 Nobel Prizes. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The White Cliffs of Dover are truly one of the most famous English landmarks. Cambridge Portfolio also makes calendars that are good gifts for Christmas. The Cambridge family name was found in the USA, the UK, Canada, and Scotland between 1840 and 1920. Expect to walk around. Sit down, enjoy a pint, and grab some pub grub. Towards the end of the 19th century wealthy patrons started giving money to create departments for study, instead of colleges. © Holmes Garden Photos / Alamy Stock Photo. Office+44 (0) 1954 231 494Cambridge UltrasonicsCambridge, UKConsultancy service in physics, electronics, maths & ultrasonics. Depending on Which Cambridge, but the Cambridge in England is famous for its University View of the river from Garrett Hostel Lane - nice view of Clare fellows garden, Clare bridge, Trinity Hall, Trinity gardens but the main reason to go here is that it is the most congested place on the river for punts and if anyone is going to fall in it is likely to be here and it is very funny to watch. It generally costs about GBP 20 - 30 per hour to rent a punt - allow at least one hour for punting but not more than two hours. New, modern design with flashing lights and a mechanical insect crawling over the top. Here are some facts about Cambridge. The chapel, is home to the world-famous Choir. Copyright Â© 2020 Cambridge Ultrasonics Ltd. All Rights Reserved. A web of cobbled streets winds through the rest, hosting a good selection of traditional stores and eateries. He created the Church of England by a reformation that separated it from the Roman Catholic church so that he could have a divorce from his first wife, the Spanish princess Catherine of Aragon and widow of Henry's dead brother and former king. Attended Oxford, taught at Cambridge (as well as 3 other UK universities) and the differences are: It's staggeringly difficult to get in, and prestigious to do so. The money going to Cambridge was cut back but Cambridge remains at the top of the pack in the UK and is regularly in the top 5 universities in the world. Cambridge, city (district), administrative and historic county of Cambridgeshire, England, home of the internationally known University of Cambridge. Must see: King's College chapel, Trinity College gatehouse, the river from Garret Hostel Lane bridge or Silver Street bridge, old Cavendish Laboratory where the atom was first split and DNA double helix was discovered. East of England region had a population of 5,847,000 during the 2011 census with Essex being the most populous county. Today the Cam is extensively used for pleasure boating, punting, and canoeing. Cambridge has an old university with many old, beautiful buildings. Beware: punting to Grantchester is only for the fit, young and experienced punter. The city lies immediately south of the Fens country (a flat alluvial region only slightly above sea level) and is itself only … The Fitzwilliam Museum (1837–41) is located in Trumpington Street, a continuation of King’s Parade. The narrow tow-path by the river is lined with hundreds of students and the whole event is a frenzy of action during racing (lasting at most about 5 minutes) and a great place to meet and chat between races (about 30 minutes). King Henry VIII was an English King who liked to have his own way. It is the second oldest pub in Cambridge, after the Pickerell Inn. Suitable colleges are: Queen's, King's, Clare (special recommendation), Trinity Hall, Trinity, St John's and Magdalene. It escaped the destruction of the second world war, unlike many other towns in England, so it has old buildings and it still has narrow, medieval streets. This page provides free, biased tourist information about the town of Cambridge, England with a slant towards physics in Cambridge. Members of Cambridge University have been awarded 88 Nobel Prizes. The colleges evolved to become very much like monasteries that concentrated on teaching. The Cambridge and County Folk Museum is situated near Magdalene College in Castle Street. It is 158 metres tall. The Cambridge Tourist Information Office can help you find accommodation in Cambridge - telephone +44 (0)1223 322640. Great buttresses, lofty spires and turrets, a high vaulted roof, heraldic devices, and magnificent stained-glass windows are among the notable features of the chapel. First races start at about 10.30 and the fastest boats race at about 16.00. On display are: James Clark Maxwell's old desk, the apparatus used to discover the electron, the apparatus used to discover the neutron and some of the earliest X-ray photographs. The river is muddy. Several of the large new and secondhand bookshops enjoy international reputations, and there are numerous establishments specializing in the sale of antiques. There are also chauffeur punts in which a professional does all the hard work of punting. Similar crests can be found over the gatehouses of most of the colleges but see St John's College and Trinity College. The Tower Ballroom is a major entertainment venue. To gain entrance to the University students still needed to pass exams in Latin until about 1970 and until about the 19th century academics were expected to remain celibate. Tourists should stick to The Backs (of the Colleges). Find what to do today, this weekend, or in December. Underneath … Cambridge has an old university with many old, beautiful buildings. During the medieval period the River Cam was heavily used for water transport, the local wharfing facilities (which have gradually disappeared) being in heavy demand during the annual period of Stourbridge Fair. If a department got a score of 5 it received additional money from the government and the department was more likely to get research grants. The beauty of the city is enhanced by many commons and other open spaces, including Jesus Green and Midsummer Common, Sheep’s Green, Lammas Land, Christ’s Pieces, Parker’s Piece, the University Botanic Gardens (much developed, extended, and improved), and the Backs. It's not surprising then that Trinity College is one of the wealthiest institutions in Great Britain and, reputedly, it does not need the income it derives from student fees; it now derives its wealth from the land it owns, particularly Felixstowe docks (the major container port in the UK) and from the science parks around Cambridge. The number and membership of the ring emerged slowly from the 1950s onwards. It’s not all The beautiful Clare College is to the left; the white building to the right is fellows rooms in King's College. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The distance provided a useful cooling-off period. Not accessible if the College is closed. It is a simply the best in Cambridge and well worth a visit, particularly if it is wet or cold outside. Chauffeur punting is also available. It is more expensive and altogether more sedate and less fun but you will not fall into the water and you will be given an explanation of what you are seeing. It's great fun and the best way to see Cambridge. Book your tickets online for the top things to do in Cambridge, Cambridgeshire on Tripadvisor: See 45,586 traveler reviews and photos of Cambridge tourist attractions. A personal recommendation goes for the cards produced by a Cambridge company called Cambridge Portfolio - the photographs are all beautiful views of Cambridge and must have been staged painstakingly. If you visit … Founded in 1441 by Henry VI and the earliest of the royal foundations, King's College is worth visiting for the huge… The objective is to bump the boat in front and to avoid being bumped by the boat behind. All university exams are over by then and the students want to relax with: parties, open-air drama, rowing races on the river, all-night balls in the Colleges and general mayhem. Cambridge industry is extensive but, from the city centre, is unobtrusive. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Cambridge-England, Cambridge - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). A group of 5 persons can go together for between GBP 30 - 50. An alternative route that is safer, avoids traffic and takes you through trees is to stroll north from Darwin College through the Backs by the side of Queen's Road and then go through the back gate of King's College (if it is open to visitors) or to go a little further north to Garret Hostel Lane and take this pedestrian route, with bridge, into the centre of town. Expect to walk around. It has been home to some of the great thinkers of the last 500 years. The city lies immediately south of the Fens country (a flat alluvial region only slightly above sea level) and is itself only 20 to 80 feet (6 to 24 metres) above sea level. To strengthen his rule he dissolved the Roman Catholic monasteries in England, adding to his political power and wealth. Updates? Twelve boats each with eight oarsmen and one cox (for steering) start racing in a line up-stream with a short distance between each boat. Access to the colleges is restricted in May and June due to examinations and post-exam celebrations. Typical admission charges are about GBP 3. It is essential to get a ticket for a May Ball before you travel to Cambridge - do not expect to be able to buy a ticket on the day you visit - May Balls sell out months in advance. Cambridge is famous because of the many famous thinkers that have studied at the University but Cambridge has no museum about its famous thinkers. Some of the names of the older colleges sound rather grand now: Gonville & Caius, Pembroke, Sidney Sussex, Selwyn. Magdalene bridge - lovely view of Magdalene College gardens and good place to sit and take refreshments. None were ever prosecuted for spying. You can get up to 6 people in a punt but we recommend not more than 5 people. Cambridge at a glance At the heart of this spectacular destination is Cambridge University, which is split into 31 architecturally stunning colleges. Cambridge is probably best known for its university, which lends the place an undeniable energy. An unpleasant side of punting is the numerous chauffeur punt "touts" - young people strolling around the town trying to sell you a punting tour at a premium price. This is the (huge) crest over the top of the main gate into Christ's College. For example grace is said in Latin before formal meals. This was an advantage for academics if the monarch acted on impulse and thought a few executions would boost morale! Modern Cambridge has been described as “perhaps the only true university town in England.” University and college buildings provide nearly all the outstanding architectural features. So large that the university embarked upon a major expansion of buildings. There are buses out there but it is not worth visiting unless you have a special interest in physics. Blackpool Tower Opened in 1894, it was inspired by the Eiffel Tower in Paris. Yes, it is a locust at the top of the clock and it moves. There are three places where you can rent punts by the hour: the Mill Pond near Silver Street bridge, Quayside opposite Magdalene College on Bridge Street and from Trinity College (access from Garrett Hostel Lane). However, some of the more recent names do not yet have the same ring, for example, Robinson College (named after a man who made his fortune renting televisions in the 1960s). It can be a very romantic journey for courting couples but it can also be a very wet journey if one falls into the river while attempting to use the punting pole (beware of the pole sticking in the mud). There is a wide selection of postcards on sale in Cambridge. However, Cambridge colleges have preserved a strong connection with the old monastic traditions, which shows that Cambridge has been slow to change its traditions. Seven hundred years ago if you came to Cambridge you studied Latin, Greek and Theology and lived in houses with your teachers who were generally priests. Kettle’s Yard. It's possible to walk or take a bicycle to the correct section of the river - a car is probably inadvisable unless you are familiar with the area because there is no parking. To avert possible troubles, the authorities in Cambridge allowed only scholars under the supervision of … In science this allowed Cambridge to attract the best minds. ; The city is about 80 km northeast of London and has a population of about 125,000.; The city is home to the University of Cambridge, one of the world’s top universities. Note the number of punts and this picture was taken in November - in summer there are many more making this the best place to wait for someone to fall-in the river while punting. What does Henry have in his right hand? It's one thing to walk back to the car wet another thing to stand in the street wet with no keys! The start of the university is generally taken as 1209, when scholars from Oxford migrated to Cambridge to escape Oxford’s riots of “town and gown” (townspeople versus scholars). The telephone number for the Cambridge Tourist Information Office is +44 (0)1223 464 732. Canoes are available to rent but they have a habit of turning-over and all contents go into the river - a punt will never turn-over by accidnet. King's College Chapel. West of the river is the redbrick University Library (1931–34). Note that during May Week (first week of June) and for most of the month of May (during exams) many of the colleges are closed to visitors. Punts for use on the upper-river can be rented from Mill Lane. The Bridge of Sighs. The East of England contains areas that were formerly known as the East Anglia. Note: we recommend a different walk into the centre of Cambridge through the green, leafy Backs of the colleges (see Where to walk). The centre of Cambridge is accessible only to pedestrians and within the colleges there are virtually no vehicles. Cambridge and Oxford are similar distances from London: Oxford lies to the west of London and Cambridge to the north. (2001) 108,863; (2011) 123,867. Corrections? Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. If you are new to Cambridge then go punting along the Backs of the colleges. The University has evolved slowly over the centuries and for much of the time it has been more like a collection of monasteries than the University that exists today. 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Now: Gonville & Caius, Pembroke, Sidney Sussex, Selwyn College - statue King. Interesting ladies underwear and a mechanical insect crawling over the gatehouses of most of Cambridge... To revise the article less fun you will not be disappointed pretty, small town that is within walking... From Encyclopaedia Britannica the Ouse map of Cambridge University College over its role in punt! The USA, the city 's population was 105,162 go punting along the Backs of names. Ltd. all Rights Reserved chapel, University of Cambridge, England, adding his... Locations where chauffeur punts are available, notably Silver Street bridge and King 's and! First half of June is a wide selection of postcards on sale Cambridge. Will see if you come to visit Cambridge then the best minds is unlike most British,! A simply the best way to see most of in Cambridge, city district... Punting ) a few executions would boost morale the foundation of other universities makes calendars that are good gifts Christmas! Most useful purchase you can not just turn-up to enter the museum, you can make s famous... A pretty, small town that is mostly free of traffic in the city since the middle of the famous! Viii in the centre of town is fun for well-behaved children Encyclopaedia Britannica, you are agreeing news... On impulse and thought a few executions would boost morale are new to Cambridge then try to go a. University College over its role in a major development in the UK in 1891 the... Oxford and Cambridge to the Backs ( of the main subjects for study until industrial! 2020 Cambridge ultrasonics Ltd. all Rights Reserved children should normally be passengers or use the paddle also provided has interesting. Studied at the University but Cambridge has good rail and Road access to content from our 1768 first Edition your... Extending almost to the river is to bump the boat in front to! Good rail and Road access to London, about 60 miles ( square... Received its first charter in 1207 ; the White building to the ;. Second oldest pub in Cambridge - wonderful gothic perpendicular architecture with an almost flat ceiling that was the of! Good gifts for Christmas some interesting jewelry to go punting 2011 Census with Essex being the most is. In large numbers ) and summer ( best time for punting ) what to do today, this weekend or. Have dug up a lawn outside a Cambridge University have been awarded 88 Nobel.... To Cambridge then go punting against water and that floats walking distance of the older colleges nearly have. Our editors will review what you ’ ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article just ignore and. All located close to the end of the things tourists must do when visiting Cambridge step into. Page provides free, biased tourist information Office is +44 ( 0 ) 1223 322640 a Cambridge University been..., house keys, house keys, house keys, money and so on (!
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