This in turn reinforces national inferiority and economic dependency to the former colonial power (Fairchild, 1994: 196). Hence, Fanon called for the revolutionary political leaders from the towns, disillusioned with the unwillingness of the urban populations to take part in violent resistance, to realise the revolutionary potential of the peasantry. Buntu people enjoyed that state for hundreds of years. Harvey, D., A Brief History of Neoliberalism (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2005). In the words of Fanon, in the reading The Wretched of the Earth, “National liberation, national reawakening, restoration of the na­tion to the people or Commonwealth, whatever the name used, whatever the latest expression, decolonization is always a violent event.” (Fanon, 1). This became perhaps even more apparent with the neoliberal turn after the 1970s, during which newly independent countries were seemingly unable to escape ‘neocolonial structures of commercial exploitation’ (Harvey, 2005: 56). NgÅ©gÄ© is regarded as one of the most significant interpreters of Frantz Fanon, an influential figure in the field of post-colonial studies. You must be able to strategise and know of all the injustices being done to you. The aim of this essay is to engage in careful examination of The Wretched of the Earth, in order to analyse and clarify Fanon’s key theses on decolonisation. In the early stages of resistance, then, the unifying national identity of the native population becomes defined in complete contradistinction to the colonial settlers, and the use of anticolonial violence leads to the immediate identification of its perpetrator as part of the national struggle: ‘the process of identification is automatic’ (Fanon, 2001: 54). For this to happen, we will need to radically change the curriculum in our schools and universities, as well as taking seriously the study of the history of African people in Africa and in the diaspora. Frantz Fanon, a psychiatrist who played an active role in the Algerian war of independence from French colonial rule, remains a key thinker on decolonisation and Third World independence struggles. Fairchild, H. H., ‘Frantz Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth in Contemporary Perspective,’ Journal of Black Studies, Vol. 3 (1970), pp. Fanon’s first book, “ Black Skin, White Masks ” (1952) was a devastating critique of the psychopathological effects of colonialism. Fanon reports that the whole revolutionary movement valued the participation of women and supported what was to become an invaluable part of the revolution (Fanon, 1959: 60). Who Is Really To Blame For SA’s Jobs Crisis? Written at: Queen Mary University of London 191-199. Though just 27 at the time of its publication, the workdisplays incredible literacy in major intellectual trends of the time:psychoanalysis, existentialism, phenomenology, and dialectics, as wellas, most prominently, the early Négritude movement and U.S.based critical race work in figures like Richard Wright. Gibson, N. C., Fanon: The Postcolonial Imagination (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2003). Frantz Fanon is a representative of this kind of decolonisation, given his appropriation of the work of Western authors such as Karl Marx, Friedrich Nietzsche, Sigmund Freud and Jean- Paul Sartre, but not to emulate or simply repeat their insights. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The curriculum remains largely Eurocentric and continues to reinforce white and Western dominance and privilege. He referred several times in his speech to Frantz Fanon’s writings, especially the book “The Wretched Of The Earth.” Cde Fanon was Algeria’s representative in Ghana during and shortly after Algeria’s armed struggle which began in November 1954 and ended in 1962. In fact, Fanon was acutely aware of the dangers and limitations of the unconstrained and arbitrary use of violence. Far from an ‘apologia for violence’ (Coser, 1967: 211), Fanon describes violence within a colonial setting in a dialectical fashion, certainly not advocating wanton violence. The removal of colonial symbols, the renaming of university buildings, and changing of curriculums are some of the signs that Fanonian literature is making an impact in society. It’s not violence, it’s justice. 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